Actinidia - planting and caring for the plant



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If you want to grow a plant called actinidia in your country house, planting and caring for it is quite easy. We can find out all the details about this exotic plant below.

Actinidia - what is this plant?

Early and mid-autumn is the time when the actinidia fruit can be harvested. Most often they ripen in September. Actinidia is a relatively unpretentious, easy-to-grow, disease-free tree. Thanks to this, it can grow even in not very favorable conditions.

Early and mid-autumn is the time when the actinidia fruit can be harvested

Although still little known in colder climates, actinidia is a very valuable garden plant. Not only will it decorate your garden with its twisty stems, but it will also yield delicious fruits.

The most common species is gourmet actinidia (kiwi), obtained from a Chinese plant. It was originally called the "Chinese gooseberry". At the very beginning of the 20th century, it was brought to New Zealand, where everyone liked it, and they decided to name it in honor of the national bird - Kiwi.

Unfortunately, all kiwi cultivars do not have frost resistance and freeze at -10 ° C. The most frost-resistant variety is Jenny, which can withstand frost down to -15 ° C, but its fruits are very small and tasteless.

Video about how to plant correctly

Frost-resistant varieties

Actinidia arguta and kolomikta can withstand temperatures from -23 ° C to -35 ° C. They are considered as decorative elements of the garden, ideal for cladding fences, walls, pergolas and gazebos due to their fairly rapid growth. They also have tasty fruits, but in much smaller quantities. Their kiwis are smaller than a medium grape.

In orchards, the Actinidia Arguta variety (also known as Mini Kiwi or Hardy Kiwi) is considered the best. It has relatively large and extremely tasty berries. In order to produce fruit, Tara Vine needs a long growing season - about 150 days without frost. An adult plant can bear 10 to 20 kg of berries.

Actinidia arguta and kolomikta can withstand temperatures from -23 ° C to -35 ° C

During this time, a climbing plant can grow up to 30-50 meters in height in a familiar climate. In cooler areas, it reaches 4-8 meters in height. Young plants have brown shoots that will turn gray with age. Large ovoid green leaves turn yellow in autumn and fall off shortly thereafter.

Varieties suitable for temperate climates

  • Geneva is an American variety, the earliest, loves a lot of sunshine.

Ripening of various species occurs at the very beginning of autumn. The berries are round and medium in size (about 4 cm in length). Unripe fruits of this variety are reddish-brown in color.

They fascinate with their taste, as they are unusually sweet and aromatic. If the plant gets enough water, then its fruits ripen much faster. They get soft enough and fall off.

It is a very prolific variety. It begins to bear fruit in the third or fourth year after planting. For him, frost up to -30 ° C is not terrible.

This variety of actinidia does not require any special care. The main thing is to loosen the ground near the plant every spring, when all the snow has completely melted. Thus, she will get enough air.

  • Issai is a dicotyledonous self-pollinating variety.

It was invented in Japan. The berries ripen in mid-autumn. The fruits have a sweetish taste. They are of medium size and oblong in shape (about 3 cm in length). The advantage of Issai is that it starts bearing fruit in the first year. The plant feels fine in frost down to -25 ° C.

This variety is only 3 meters high, so it is suitable for small gardens. When caring for the plant, make sure it is properly watered. As soon as the ground near the plant becomes dry, you need to water it immediately. In hot weather, this should be done very often, even several times a day.

  • Jumbo is a well-known Italian variety.

It has large, oblong and slightly elongated fruits (approx. 6 cm). The color of the berries can be either yellow or green. The largest berry can weigh up to 30g. The fruit is tasty and sweet, without a pronounced aroma, but persistent.

The color of berries can be either yellow or green

The berries ripen in mid-autumn. A variety that bears fruit in the third or fourth year after planting. It grows up to eight meters in height and can withstand cold temperatures down to -28 ° C. Top dressing remains a very important factor in plant care. It is held at the very beginning of summer. To do this, you need to dilute one part of the mullein with ten water and thoroughly water the plant with this solution.

  • Ken's Red is a variety from New Zealand.

It is a species of actinidia arguta and melanaudra. Large fruits (up to 4 cm long and 3 cm in diameter). Strong and tasty berries, albeit without the characteristic aroma. They have a purplish red hue in full sun and are green when in shade.

They ripen in the middle of autumn. Ripe berries are not overly soft, making them suitable for transport. They are not afraid of frost down to -25 ° C.

The plant should not grow in an open meadow, because it really does not like direct sunlight. When caring for him, this fact must be taken into account. Water it as often as possible to keep the soil moist at all times.

  • Kokuwa is a Japanese self-pollinating variety.

The berries have a lemon scent. The fruits are small but firm. Ripening occurs in mid-autumn. When caring for a plant, try to do your pruning carefully. By removing any excess and dry branches, you will help the actinidia grow stronger and bear more fruit.

  • Purpurna Sadowa is a famous Ukrainian variety.

Invented by crossing actinidia arguta and purpurea. Delicious and juicy fruits of long shape and medium size (3.5 cm in length and 2.5 cm in diameter). The berries are purplish red. Fruiting in the third or fourth year after planting. Not afraid of frosts down to -25 º С.

Fertilize and water this variety. Since he is crossed in Ukraine, he loves a sufficient amount of water. Treat the plant from pests before it blooms.

  • Rogów is a cultivar that was invented in Poland.

He was bred in Rogov. Quite tasty berries of medium size (about 3 cm in length). The fruits are green and ripen in September. A very prolific variety. Not afraid of frost down to -30 ºС.

Every spring, it is necessary to strengthen the roots of this plant. To do this, make a small pile of earth around the trunk of the plant. These actions will help strengthen the trunk from strong gusts of wind, and protect the roots from unexpected spring frosts.

  • VITIKIWI is a very beautiful and prolific variety that bears fruit without pollination (parthenocarpic).

Fruiting already within a year. Green berries ripen in mid-autumn. This variety has a fairly high growth rate, so it is necessary to cut it off in time. Rid the plant of unnecessary and dry branches.

  • Weiki is a German dicotyledonous cultivar.

The male species are good pollinators for all Tara grape varieties. Females are very fertile. The fruits are tasty and medium in size (about 4 cm long).

Video clip about proper care

The berries ripen in the middle of autumn, but they do not fall. They are usually green and sometimes develop a dark brown coating when exposed to direct sunlight. The shiny dark green leaves give the plant an attractive appearance.

The plant is suitable for ornamental purposes and can produce up to 10 kg of fruit. Cats are very fond of this shrub and can damage it, scratch or bite the leaves, so it is better to secure the base with a net for the first three years.

Remember to fertilize it early in the summer. When the plant is completely hardened, then it can withstand frost and cold up to 40 degrees below zero.

Most common varieties in temperate climates

Adam is a decorative Polish male variety.

When the plant is completely hardened, then it can withstand frost and cold up to 40 degrees below zero.

Has beautiful variegated foliage, attractive male flowers. It is a good pollinator for all varieties of Actinidia kolomikta.

  • Dr Szymanowski is a dicotyledonous variety of Polish origin.

It has extraordinary beauty leaves and juicy fruits. Very prolific, it bears fruit as early as the fourth or fifth year after planting.

  • Sentyabrskaya is a prolific Ukrainian cultivar with attractive variegated foliage.

In the third or fourth year, it begins to bear fruit. The berries can be picked at the end of summer and have a pleasant aroma and delicate honey taste.

Actinidia are best propagated by stem cuttings that are split off in mid-summer. They must be grown in a special container for 1 to 2 years to ensure good rooting before being planted in their permanent garden.

Video Actinidia - the northern sister of the kiwi

Planting a plant at home

How to plant actinidia? If you choose dicotyledonous varieties, you must plant both male and female species in close proximity to each other (no more than 3-5 meters).

When planting a large number of actinidia, it is enough to plant one male species for every 7 female species. These can be samples of different varieties, but they must necessarily belong to the same species.

The male species should be evenly distributed among the female species and remember - their flowering should occur in approximately the same period.

For example, Arguta blooms at the turn of May and June, with small (1–2 cm in diameter) white flowers. The flowering period of kolomiktastarts is 7-14 days earlier. Its flowers are slightly smaller and have a faint lemon scent.

If you do not have enough space in the garden, it is better to put both species in the same hole, or alternatively, choose hermaphrodite varieties (but this method is not always justified).

  • Boarding time

When to plant actinidia? There is no definite answer. After all, they can pollinate from spring to autumn.

Male flowers have more than a dozen racemose inflorescences, and well-developed stamens with pollen that remains fertile for 5 days.

Female flowers can be individual, or in groups of two or three. They have a well-developed pistil surrounded by sterile stamens. They can be pollinated for up to 10 days. The number and size of berries depends on the quality of pollination.

It is very important that both female and male flowers bloom at the same time. They are mainly pollinated by bees, in rare cases by the wind. Unfortunately, the flowers of the actinidia are not very attractive, so a lot of insects are needed to ensure good pollination. If insects are not available, try hand pollination.

Pick a freshly opened male flower and hold it close to the female for 1–2 seconds. The pollen of one male flower is enough to pollinate about 10 female flowers.

Pick a freshly opened male flower and hold it close to the female for 1–2 seconds

When is the best time to plant actinidia in fall or spring? Planting in the fall is the best option.

Actinidia are generally very sensitive species, in particular, they grow much better in warm, sunny, sheltered from the gusts of wind.

Long exposure to frost should be avoided. They are susceptible to unexpected spring frosts. If there are walls, or a fence, then they give off some heat and thus increase the chances of survival of these delicate plants in winter.

How to plant actinidia in the fall? All actinidia are most vulnerable during the first 3-4 years after planting, so during this period special care should be taken to provide adequate protection from the cold, for example by placing mulch around the base of the plant.

Growing seedlings in polyethylene tunnels is not recommended because such plants tend to start their growing season earlier, which makes them more sensitive towards the end of the frost season.

  • How to choose the right landing site

Actinidia grow well in a variety of soils, although they prefer soils that are rich in organic matter. The land should be well drained, moist, but not waterlogged, and acidic (pH 5–6.5). Since actinidia are shallow-rooted plants, excessive loosening of the soil should be avoided.

Video plot about the variety kolomikta

When planting occurs, the plant must be placed on the ground, at the same level as it was for growing in a pot. Pour compost or well-rotted manure into the hole.

Actinidia require large amounts of water throughout the growing season and it is especially important to regularly water the plants during periods of intense growth, or when it is very hot. When planning to plant your actinidia, you must remember that large rivers and lakes are a natural reservoir of water.

The seedlings also require a balanced feeding of macro and micronutrients. You need to start feeding in the second year after planting in the ground. Sprinkle the soil at the base of the plant, at a distance of about 20–80 cm from the trunk.

Plant pruning

The simplest pruning helps control the development of excess branches, increases their germination rate and promotes fruit growth and development. It must be produced in the spring.

This allows air to flow through the branches and opens up the interior of the bush for maximum penetration of light, necessary for optimal growth of flavor and fruit quality. The berries are harvested in autumn and winter.

  • In January-February (before the beginning of the growing season), you need to cut branches 3-5 cm above the top of the support.
  • In the second year, select a pair of strong side stems and branch them out to the sides, tying them to a wire. In winter, trim the tips off, leaving 8-12 prongs on each of them. In the spring, these buds will develop and begin to bear fruit the following year.
  • Again, they should be trimmed at the sides and pinched in August to stimulate the formation of multiple buds.
  • Every year, in summer and winter, you should remove all lateral shoots that grow from the bottom of the trunk and avoid excessive growth.

Every year in summer and winter, you must remove all side shoots.

If actinidia is used as an ornamental plant, it can be left to grow unattended by periodically cutting off unnecessary branches. However, such a plant will begin to bear fruit much later and will be of inferior quality.

In order to achieve the best yield, you must carefully monitor your actinidia and prune it in time, remembering that the berries will fall on the stems that form horizontally in 2-3 years.

For hobbyist cultivation, it is best if the plant grows along wires stretched between poles, on a wall or fence. It takes 3-4 years, but after that it will grow and bear fruit even after 50 years.

Video on how to properly cut a plant

What you need to know about fruits

Actinidia usually begin to bear fruit in the fourth year after planting. When the fruits are unripe, it is better to put them in a plastic bag and leave them at room temperature for several days.

Video about medicinal properties

Actinidia fruits are very beneficial. They are completely fat-free, low in sodium, and rich in vitamins (C&E), potassium, and other trace minerals, including zinc, making a great addition to a healthy diet. Argut fruit contains about 400 mg of vitamin C, which is 4 times more than lemon or orange.

Try to grow actinidia in your country house and you will get not only a beautiful plant, but also delicious and juicy fruits that you collect in the fall.


How to organize the perfect neighborhood in the garden: fruit trees + shrubs

The ideal garden - myth or reality? To understand this, you need to understand the rules for combining fruit trees and berries. Tell me, do you know that cherries, cherries, apricots and apple trees are still usurpers? Garden trees often oppress everyone in the neighborhood, be it raspberries, gooseberries or currant bushes. They can cause not only a slower growth of the latter, but also the development of a wide variety of diseases and the spread of the most unexpected pests. The end result will be bad: the garden will die without becoming the unconditional pride of your site. To prevent this from happening, before laying the garden, you need to read our article and find out which fruit trees and berry bushes are not friends and why. And also what is fraught with the imposition of relationships between plants.


Variety characteristic

The apple tree Renet Semerenko belongs to a high-yielding, partially self-fertile late-ripening culture. In the process of self-pollination, no more than 11% of ovaries from the total mass of flowering are formed. To increase the number of ovaries, the Semerenko apple tree needs proximity to pollinating varieties, the best of which are recognized as Golden Delicious, Idared. The period of active fruiting begins 4-5 years after planting. When planting seedlings on a dwarf rootstock, fruiting occurs at 3 years. From the age of twelve, the tree develops the ability to bear fruit annually.

Semerenko does not belong to crops with a constant yield. The problem of reducing yields is solved by competent pruning and timely feeding of the crop.

The Semerenko apple tree is characterized by good drought resistance and low frost resistance. Good resistance to low moisture content in soil and air makes it possible to grow the variety in areas with dry climates. Low frost resistance creates prerequisites for crown freezing even in the southern regions of the Russian Federation. However, the ability to throw out a large number of shoots allows the tree to completely restore the fruiting process already in the third year after freezing.

Many domestic gardeners ask where Semerenko apples are grown? The culture is grown mainly in the southern regions and the middle zone of the Russian Federation. The apple tree is most widespread in the Caucasus and in the regions of the Volga region.

In Ukraine (the homeland of the culture), the Simirenko variety is grown in the steppe and forest-steppe zones.


The best varieties of actinidia kolomikta for the Moscow region

The climatic conditions of the Moscow region are rather harsh. There are frosts in the spring-winter period and dry summer days. The optimal area for the cultivation of actinidia kolomikt is the southern regions, but with the help of the efforts of breeders, some varieties of tropical plants are suitable for growing in the Moscow region, the presented photos of each of them will help gardeners to determine belonging to a particular variety.

The most recommended varieties of actinidia kolomikta for growing in the Moscow region:

  • Dr. Shimanovsky
  • Adam
  • September
  • Vitacola
  • Gourmet.

Actinidia kolomikta Dr. Shimanovsky is a type of plant with small oval-shaped berries that ripen in August. It is advisable to plant this variety in a sunny place, but not under direct scorching rays, the presence of a light shade is required. The berries have a well-defined apple and pineapple aroma.

Actinidia kolomikta Adam is an ornamental variety with unusually colored foliage, which blooms in green, turns white by the end of spring, and acquires a pink color by autumn, the color saturation is constantly increasing. This variety loves sunny, low wind places, perfect for decoration purposes when creating hedges, gazebos, arches, landscaping balconies and loggias. Adam is a male type of actinidia colomicta. During flowering, it becomes covered with small white inflorescences, exuding a pleasant aroma, similar to the scent of lemon. The variety grows very quickly, reaching a height of four meters.

Actinidia Kolomikta September is a frost-resistant species that can withstand temperatures down to 40 C. It is characterized by high productivity, greenish-yellow fruits have a pleasant taste. For pollination, it is recommended to plant near actinidia varieties Adam. The plant spreads along the ground or twines around trees, installed supports.

Actinidia kolomikta Vitacola - the variety has large oblong fruits, collected in bunches of two or three berries. Vitacola begins to ripen in stages by mid-August. Leaves have an inherent decorative color in white-green or pink tones. The plant begins to bear fruit in the third year after planting in open ground, belongs to the female type, grows to a height of three to four meters.

Actinidia kolomikta Lakomka is distinguished by the large size of the berries. Cylindrical fruits of bright green color with white stripes, with a rich pineapple aroma. Ripening time is in August-September.


Have you ever seen the effect of verbena on vampires ?! Not? So I will tell you in all the details. Firstly, if you make an injection, then the ghoul simply turns off. But if you moisten a piece of matter with it, and then squeeze it between your teeth, then the substance will corrode the flesh, and its vapors will burn the airways when inhaled. And a simple touch of flowers brings pain.

By the way, in one literary source it was mentioned that the tincture of this representative of the flora, mixed in equal parts with the infusion of sage, leaves small scars on the parts of the body of bloodsuckers. In addition, it is the herb of lovers and mothers. Interesting fact, in my opinion. By the way, verbena is used in medicine. She and clean vessels - friends do not spill water.

In practice, verbena is, of course, a harmless plant. So caring for it is simple, although there are certainly certain features. This is a long-term type who came to us from distant America.


Choosing a landing site

Among the roses there are no shade-loving representatives, therefore, seedlings are planted only in areas open to the sun with sufficient morning and evening lighting.

All roses are prone to the development of fungal diseases, molds, which affect the foliage, inflorescences and trunk, contributing to the wilting and death of the plant. They are loved by many pests, especially aphids and spider mites. The coma of this shrub is considered sun-loving, moisture-loving, but does not tolerate stagnant water and the proximity of groundwater. Taking these characteristics into account, they select a place for planting in a summer cottage or a city courtyard.

Ideal for any rose will be the south side of the site, protected from drafts, north and north-east winds, which in the winter season can provoke freezing of shoots, and in a rainy summer - the spread of the mycelium of pathogenic fungi.

Do not plant shrubs on the corner of the house, near buildings or a metal fence. From any blank wall, the rose is placed at a distance of at least 50 cm. The place is chosen such that from early morning until 12 o'clock the shrub is illuminated with light. At noon, and this is from 12 to 15 o'clock, the rose should be in partial shade, it really needs shading to maintain the brightness of the inflorescences. The fact is that bright sunlight can burn delicate foliage and buds, which makes the plant look untidy.

The rose loves loamy soil, nutritious. If the groundwater is close to the site (closer than 200 cm), a special embankment with a slope is built for planting. This is because an adult mature bush can develop a root system longer than 200 cm. Direct contact with water is detrimental to the roots, they rot and the plant dies.

Strong support is a prerequisite for growing a shrub

Since the climbing rose forms a powerful bush, other large plants should be at least 1 meter away from it. The trunk circle is left clean, not planted with ground cover and other plants. When the ideal place is chosen, it begins to prepare the pit and soil.


Actinidia - planting and care according to all the rules of agricultural technology + Video

If you want to grow a plant called actinidia in your country house, planting and caring for it is quite easy. We can find out all the details about this exotic plant below.

Actinidia - what is this plant?

Early and mid-autumn is the time when the actinidia fruit can be harvested. Most often they ripen in September. Actinidia is a relatively unpretentious, easy-to-grow, disease-free tree. Thanks to this, it can grow even in not very favorable conditions.

Early and mid-autumn is the time when the actinidia fruit can be harvested

Although still little known in colder climates, actinidia is a very valuable garden plant. Not only will it decorate your garden with its twisty stems, but it will also yield delicious fruits.

The most common species is gourmet actinidia (kiwi), obtained from a Chinese plant. It was originally called the "Chinese gooseberry". At the very beginning of the 20th century, it was brought to New Zealand, where everyone liked it, and they decided to name it in honor of the national bird - Kiwi.

Unfortunately, all kiwi cultivars do not have frost resistance and freeze at -10 ° C. The most frost-resistant variety is Jenny, which can withstand frost down to -15 ° C, but its fruits are very small and tasteless.

Video about how to plant correctly

Frost-resistant varieties

Actinidia arguta and kolomikta can withstand temperatures from -23 ° C to -35 ° C. They are considered as decorative elements of the garden, ideal for cladding fences, walls, pergolas and gazebos due to their fairly rapid growth. They also have tasty fruits, but in much smaller quantities. Their kiwis are smaller than a medium grape.

In orchards, the Actinidia Arguta variety (also known as Mini Kiwi or Hardy Kiwi) is considered the best. It has relatively large and extremely tasty berries. In order to produce fruit, Tara Vine needs a long growing season - about 150 days without frost. An adult plant can bear 10 to 20 kg of berries.

Actinidia arguta and kolomikta can withstand temperatures from -23 ° C to -35 ° C

During this time, a climbing plant can grow up to 30-50 meters in height in a familiar climate. In cooler areas, it reaches 4-8 meters in height. Young plants have brown shoots that will turn gray with age. Large ovoid green leaves turn yellow in autumn and fall off shortly thereafter.

Varieties suitable for temperate climates

Ripening of various species occurs at the very beginning of autumn. The berries are round and medium in size (about 4 cm in length). Unripe fruits of this variety are reddish-brown in color.

They fascinate with their taste, as they are unusually sweet and aromatic. If the plant gets enough water, then its fruits ripen much faster. They get soft enough and fall off.

It is a very prolific variety. It begins to bear fruit in the third or fourth year after planting. For him, frost up to -30 ° C is not terrible.

This variety of actinidia does not require any special care. The main thing is to loosen the ground near the plant every spring, when all the snow has completely melted. Thus, she will get enough air.

  • Issai is a dicotyledonous self-pollinating variety.

It was invented in Japan. The berries ripen in mid-autumn. The fruits have a sweetish taste. They are of medium size and oblong in shape (about 3 cm in length). The advantage of Issai is that it starts bearing fruit in the first year. The plant feels fine in frost down to -25 ° C.

This variety is only 3 meters high, so it is suitable for small gardens. When caring for the plant, make sure it is properly watered. As soon as the ground near the plant becomes dry, you need to water it immediately. In hot weather, this should be done very often, even several times a day.

  • Jumbo is a well-known Italian variety.

It has large, oblong and slightly elongated fruits (approx. 6 cm). The color of the berries can be either yellow or green. The largest berry can weigh up to 30g. The fruit is tasty and sweet, without a pronounced aroma, but persistent.

The color of berries can be either yellow or green

The berries ripen in mid-autumn. A variety that bears fruit in the third or fourth year after planting. It grows up to eight meters in height and can withstand cold temperatures down to -28 ° C. Top dressing remains a very important factor in plant care. It is held at the very beginning of summer. To do this, you need to dilute one part of the mullein with ten water and thoroughly water the plant with this solution.

  • Ken's Red is a variety from New Zealand.

It is a species of actinidia arguta and melanaudra. Large fruits (up to 4 cm long and 3 cm in diameter). Strong and tasty berries, albeit without the characteristic aroma. They have a purplish red hue in full sun and are green when in shade.

They ripen in the middle of autumn. Ripe berries are not overly soft, making them suitable for transport. They are not afraid of frost down to -25 ° C.

The plant should not grow in an open meadow, because it really does not like direct sunlight. When caring for him, this fact must be taken into account. Water it as often as possible to keep the soil moist at all times.

  • Kokuwa is a Japanese self-pollinating variety.

The berries have a lemon scent. The fruits are small but firm. Ripening occurs in mid-autumn. When caring for a plant, try to do your pruning carefully. By removing any excess and dry branches, you will help the actinidia grow stronger and bear more fruit.

  • Purpurna Sadowa is a famous Ukrainian variety.

Invented by crossing actinidia arguta and purpurea. Delicious and juicy fruits of long shape and medium size (3.5 cm in length and 2.5 cm in diameter). The berries are purplish red. Fruiting in the third or fourth year after planting. Ripening occurs in mid-autumn. Not afraid of frosts down to -25 º С.

Fertilize and water this variety. Since he is crossed in Ukraine, he loves a sufficient amount of water. Treat the plant from pests before it blooms.

  • Rogów is a cultivar that was invented in Poland.

He was bred in Rogov. Quite tasty berries of medium size (about 3 cm in length). The fruits are green and ripen in September. A very prolific variety. It begins to bear fruit in the third or fourth year after planting. Not afraid of frost down to -30 ºС.

Every spring, it is necessary to strengthen the roots of this plant. To do this, make a small pile of earth around the trunk of the plant. These actions will help strengthen the trunk from strong gusts of wind, and protect the roots from unexpected spring frosts.

  • VITIKIWI is a very beautiful and prolific variety that bears fruit without pollination (parthenocarpic).

Fruiting already within a year. Green berries ripen in mid-autumn. This variety has a fairly high growth rate, so it is necessary to cut it off in time. Rid the plant of unnecessary and dry branches.

  • Weiki is a German dicotyledonous cultivar.

The male species are good pollinators for all Tara grape varieties. Females are very fertile. The fruits are tasty and medium in size (about 4 cm long).

Video clip about proper care

The berries ripen in the middle of autumn, but they do not fall. They are usually green and sometimes develop a dark brown coating when exposed to direct sunlight. The shiny dark green leaves give the plant an attractive appearance.

The plant is suitable for ornamental purposes and can produce up to 10 kg of fruit. Cats are very fond of this shrub and can damage it, scratch or bite the leaves, so it is better to secure the base with a net for the first three years.

Remember to fertilize it early in the summer.When the plant is completely hardened, then it can withstand frost and cold up to 40 degrees below zero.

Most common varieties in temperate climates

Adam is a decorative Polish male variety.

When the plant is completely hardened, then it can withstand frost and cold up to 40 degrees below zero.

Has beautiful variegated foliage, attractive male flowers. It is a good pollinator for all varieties of Actinidia kolomikta.

  • Dr Szymanowski is a dicotyledonous variety of Polish origin.

It has extraordinary beauty leaves and juicy fruits. Very prolific, it bears fruit as early as the fourth or fifth year after planting.

  • Sentyabrskaya is a prolific Ukrainian cultivar with attractive variegated foliage.

In the third or fourth year, it begins to bear fruit. The berries can be picked at the end of summer and have a pleasant aroma and delicate honey taste.

Actinidia are best propagated by stem cuttings that are split off in mid-summer. They must be grown in a special container for 1 to 2 years to ensure good rooting before being planted in their permanent garden.

Video Actinidia - the northern sister of the kiwi

Planting a plant at home

How to plant actinidia? If you choose dicotyledonous varieties, you must plant both male and female species in close proximity to each other (no more than 3-5 meters).

When planting a large number of actinidia, it is enough to plant one male species for every 7 female species. These can be samples of different varieties, but they must necessarily belong to the same species.

The male species should be evenly distributed among the female species and remember - their flowering should occur in approximately the same period.

For example, Arguta blooms at the turn of May and June, with small (1–2 cm in diameter) white flowers. The flowering period of kolomiktastarts is 7-14 days earlier. Its flowers are slightly smaller and have a faint lemon scent.

If you do not have enough space in the garden, it is better to put both species in the same hole, or alternatively, choose hermaphrodite varieties (but this method is not always justified).

When to plant actinidia? There is no definite answer. After all, they can pollinate from spring to autumn.

Male flowers have more than a dozen racemose inflorescences, and well-developed stamens with pollen that remains fertile for 5 days.

Female flowers can be individual, or in groups of two or three. They have a well-developed pistil surrounded by sterile stamens. They can be pollinated for up to 10 days. The number and size of berries depends on the quality of pollination.

It is very important that both female and male flowers bloom at the same time. They are mainly pollinated by bees, in rare cases by the wind. Unfortunately, the flowers of the actinidia are not very attractive, so a lot of insects are needed to ensure good pollination. If insects are not available, try hand pollination.

Pick a freshly opened male flower and hold it close to the female for 1–2 seconds. The pollen of one male flower is enough to pollinate about 10 female flowers.

Pick a freshly opened male flower and hold it close to the female for 1–2 seconds

When is the best time to plant actinidia in fall or spring? Planting in the fall is the best option.

Actinidia are generally very sensitive species, in particular, they grow much better in warm, sunny, sheltered from the gusts of wind.

Long exposure to frost should be avoided. They are susceptible to unexpected spring frosts. If there are walls, or a fence, then they give off some heat and thus increase the chances of survival of these delicate plants in winter.

How to plant actinidia in the fall? All actinidia are most vulnerable during the first 3-4 years after planting, so during this period special care should be taken to provide adequate protection from the cold, for example by placing mulch around the base of the plant.

Growing seedlings in polyethylene tunnels is not recommended because such plants tend to start their growing season earlier, which makes them more sensitive towards the end of the frost season.

  • How to choose the right landing site

Actinidia grow well in a variety of soils, although they prefer soils that are rich in organic matter. The land should be well drained, moist, but not waterlogged, and acidic (pH 5–6.5). Since actinidia are shallow-rooted plants, excessive loosening of the soil should be avoided.

Video plot about the variety kolomikta

When planting occurs, the plant must be placed on the ground, at the same level as it was for growing in a pot. Pour compost or well-rotted manure into the hole.

Actinidia require large amounts of water throughout the growing season and it is especially important to regularly water the plants during periods of intense growth, or when it is very hot. When planning to plant your actinidia, you must remember that large rivers and lakes are a natural reservoir of water.

The seedlings also require a balanced feeding of macro and micronutrients. You need to start feeding in the second year after planting in the ground. Sprinkle the soil at the base of the plant, at a distance of about 20–80 cm from the trunk.

Plant pruning

The simplest pruning helps control the development of excess branches, increases their germination rate and promotes fruit growth and development. It must be produced in the spring.

This allows air to flow through the branches and opens up the interior of the bush for maximum penetration of light, necessary for optimal growth of flavor and fruit quality. The berries are harvested in autumn and winter.

  • In January-February (before the beginning of the growing season), you need to cut branches 3-5 cm above the top of the support.
  • In the second year, select a pair of strong side stems and branch them out to the sides, tying them to a wire. In winter, trim the tips off, leaving 8-12 prongs on each of them. In the spring, these buds will develop and begin to bear fruit the following year.
  • Again, they should be trimmed at the sides and pinched in August to stimulate the formation of multiple buds.
  • Every year, in summer and winter, you should remove all lateral shoots that grow from the bottom of the trunk and avoid excessive growth.

Every year in summer and winter, you must remove all side shoots.

If actinidia is used as an ornamental plant, it can be left to grow unattended by periodically cutting off unnecessary branches. However, such a plant will begin to bear fruit much later and will be of inferior quality.

In order to achieve the best yield, you must carefully monitor your actinidia and prune it in time, remembering that the berries will fall on the stems that form horizontally in 2-3 years.

For hobbyist cultivation, it is best if the plant grows along wires stretched between poles, on a wall or fence. It takes 3-4 years, but after that it will grow and bear fruit even after 50 years.

Video on how to properly cut a plant

What you need to know about fruits

Actinidia usually begin to bear fruit in the fourth year after planting. When the fruits are unripe, it is better to put them in a plastic bag and leave them at room temperature for several days.

Video about medicinal properties

Actinidia fruits are very beneficial. They are completely fat-free, low in sodium, and rich in vitamins (C&E), potassium, and other trace minerals, including zinc, making a great addition to a healthy diet. Argut fruit contains about 400 mg of vitamin C, which is 4 times more than lemon or orange.

Try to grow actinidia in your country house and you will get not only a beautiful plant, but also delicious and juicy fruits that you collect in the fall.

  • Author: Natalia
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