Roses for sale - how to grow roses to make money on them



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Roses can become a profitable and at the same time a beautiful business option - although growing and caring, although they require certain skills, are still not as difficult as they seem at first glance. Even if you are a beginner florist, if you wish, you can quickly figure out how to grow roses, and achieve success in this area. Of course, if you approach the matter responsibly and devote enough time to caring for the flowers, because the roses intended for sale should look perfect!

Growing roses for sale in greenhouse conditions

In this regard, the cultivation of roses for sale has its own nuances: you need to regularly feed the plants so that they form quickly and correctly, without losing their presentation, you also need to carefully monitor that no pest or disease damages the roses. If, nevertheless, signs of diseases were found, the affected parts of the plants should be ruthlessly removed immediately, preventing further spread of the disease.

Even if you are a novice florist, if you wish, you can quickly figure out how to grow roses, and achieve success in this area.

If you intend to earn all year round by growing cut roses, you cannot do without a good heated polycarbonate greenhouse - the summer in Russia is too short. In addition, in greenhouse conditions, roses are much easier and more convenient to care for.

Video about a rose plantation, how roses are grown

So, for a successful business of growing roses for sale, you will need:

  • heated greenhouse of suitable size with the possibility of temperature control and additional lighting;
  • fertile soil mixture;
  • fertilizers for roses;
  • drugs against diseases and insect pests;
  • patience and the desire to provide roses with good care.

For planting, grafted or self-rooted roses of the varieties Better Tmes, Pascali, Zorina, Casanova, Skarlet Gem, Geheimrat Duisberg, Baccara, Carina are suitable. These varieties have long been successfully cultivated in greenhouse conditions for cutting or for sale in containers. They are resistant to the most common rose diseases and are able to bloom beautifully even in low light.

You can plant roses in a heated greenhouse in January, using soil for planting, enriched with rotted manure and mineral fertilizers

It is better to build a greenhouse from polycarbonate, since this material allows you to create an optimal microclimate for roses, transmits sunlight well, retains its properties in severe frosts and heat, is durable, does not burn and, in addition, does not require a foundation.

You can plant roses in a heated greenhouse in January, using soil for planting, enriched with rotted manure and mineral fertilizers. Please note that due to the need for additional lighting of roses in the middle of winter, your costs will increase significantly, which will also affect the cost of flowers. If you want to avoid unnecessary expenses, start planting roses in March and finish in November.

Roses need a lot of light to grow normally, but the leaves should be lit, not the ground.

Things to consider when growing roses in a greenhouse:

  • roses are planted very tightly - up to 30 plants per square meter, from the second year the number of roses is halved;
  • roses need a lot of light for normal growth, but at the same time the leaves should be illuminated, not the ground, so it is important to ensure that the soil is hidden under dense foliage and not to pick off the leaves without serious need;
  • the humidity in the greenhouse should always be at the level of 70%, since at higher or lower humidity, the likelihood of diseases affecting roses increases;
  • before the first cut, the roses should be grown at a temperature of +22 during the day and +20 at night; in the summer months, do not allow the temperature to rise more than +27 degrees (at the same time, let the flowers come to their senses at night, setting the temperature to +15 degrees). To prevent the flowers from fading longer, the temperature in the greenhouse is lowered by a couple of degrees;

Growing roses in a greenhouse

  • air the greenhouse daily;
  • it is necessary to water the flowers abundantly and regularly, as soon as the top layer of the earth dries up a couple of centimeters;
  • do not regret organic fertilizers - thanks to them, roses will grow faster, which will help you get more profit;
  • do not forget to loosen the soil under the roses and destroy weeds;
  • often carefully inspect the roses in order to notice signs of illness or insect damage in time and take appropriate measures before the rest of the flowers are infested.

Growing roses in the garden for the purpose of selling

The possibilities are different for everyone, and not every gardener has a greenhouse suitable for growing roses. However, even in this case, you can make money by selling roses throughout the summer, growing them in the garden. You just have to make more efforts to preserve the presentation of the flowers.

Caring for roses in the garden differs depending on the season.

For planting roses in the garden, choose a place that is not subject to strong winds, but at the same time it is a little blown out and well lit in the morning. The water should be easily absorbed by the soil and not stagnate. Sand is added to clay soils, and turfy soil and clay are added to light sandy soils. Be sure to fertilize the land with rotted cow dung before planting.

Choose varieties that are not only beautiful, but also suitable for cultivation in the climate of your region, and are also resistant to diseases and pests - this will help you greatly facilitate your work with roses.

Video about growing roses in a greenhouse

Caring for roses in the garden differs depending on the season. In the corresponding article on our website, you will find a detailed description of how to care for garden roses during the summer season, how to prepare them for wintering, and what to do with overwintered bushes in spring.

Keep in mind that to get beautiful roses suitable for cutting, you need to remember about timely watering of plants, fertilizing during the season, and summer thinning pruning, after which the roses bloom more abundantly. It is recommended to cut garden roses for sale in the morning, while the buds have not yet blossomed. And the main thing is to ensure the careful transportation of flowers to the point of sale.


Growing seedlings for sale. Can the site become a source of income?

Adding an article to a new collection

Many owners of personal plots are thinking about whether it is possible to make money selling seedlings of vegetables. There is a demand for such a product every season - after all, not all gardeners grow seedlings on their own. And if there is demand, then there must be supply.

What do you need to make money selling seedlings? First of all, you should enjoy the job of growing plants. Although this is a seasonal business, from February to the end of May, you will have to work hard to ensure that the products have a marketable appearance and are in demand. Secondly, you cannot do without certain knowledge and skills in this area. Even if you have experience in growing seedlings of different crops, then you should not immediately plan a large amount of work, since you must first determine for yourself how much production you can sell. Start with a few hundred different varieties of plants. At the same time, you will observe each variety, and it will be easier for you to explain to the buyer how to care for the crop.

And, of course, you cannot do without a greenhouse, seeds, soil and seedling containers. Let's take a closer look at these key points.


Growing roses in the garden and for sale - expert advice - garden and vegetable garden

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How to choose a seedling

A lot depends on the correct choice of seedlings. In fact, the result of growing depends on this: the flowers will be healthy, beautiful, or they will not be able to grow under these conditions. That is why it is extremely important to choose the right seedlings. This is half the battle on the path to creating a beautiful rose garden.

  1. First, you need to compare the real climatic conditions, the composition of the soil in the area where the roses will be grown, and the norms for a particular variety. After all, breeding species are quite demanding. Even if you really want a specific variety, but the terrain does not suit it, then it will still not work to grow beautiful flowers from it. It is also very important to determine the main characteristics of the variety. These include bushiness, flowering time, growth, etc.
  2. Secondly, we pay attention to the age of the seedlings. Most experts agree that it is worth buying roses that are no more than 2-3 years old. Such plants are considered to be properly grafted. They have more strength, high vitality. They also tolerate winter better, when planting it is much easier for them to take root.
  3. Thirdly, when choosing seedlings, you need to pay attention to the presence of roots. Roses on their own roots are considered weaker than grafted ones. They not only take long and difficult to take root, but also slowly grow roots, die when the first frosts come. But such seedlings have their own advantages, thanks to which they are also often bought. Firstly, they do not give extra branching, and secondly, they do not develop extra root shoots that way.

When buying seedlings with bare roots, you need to look at the age of the stems. It is very important that some of them are already stiffened. But the rest should, on the contrary, be fresh, green, homogeneous. You can not take seedlings if the young stems are shriveled. This rather indicates the drying out of the plant, as well as the presence of diseases.

Also, when choosing rose seedlings, you need to pay attention to such external factors:

  • Lack of spotting
  • Healthy look
  • All parts well developed - roots, stems and leaves
  • Good kidneys at rest.

If roses are bought in bags, then they need to be removed before planting. It is important to let the roots straighten out, as they are often twisted in the package. An inspection is also made for the presence of rot, which must be removed.

Some producers offer seedlings that are not packed in bags, but in a special net. You don't need to take it off, the roses are planted with it. Such packaging itself dissolves in the soil over time, it does not interfere with growth at all.

What is waxed for - to remove or not

Very often, when selling from rose seedlings, the shoots are covered with wax. This kind of "packaging" does not allow the plant to dry out. Many florists, especially beginners, are interested in whether such a coating needs to be removed.

Opinions on this matter are not unambiguous. But we can say for sure that it depends on the thickness of the wax layer.

If it is applied only to the sections and to the very tops of the shoots, then it can be removed. Under such a layer of wax, the plant will not suffer.

If the wax covers everything to the very roots, and even with a thick layer (1-2mm), then it is worth removing it. You can remove the coating with gentle movements using a toothpick already before planting. If the seedling still needs to be stored for a long time before planting, then the wax does not need to be removed.


Growing roses in the garden and for sale - expert advice - garden and vegetable garden

Queen of the garden, magical and enchanting, endlessly changeable and diverse - the rose has long been considered one of the most luxurious garden plants. This universal favorite is grown by many.Some, however, consider her too capricious, fear that they will not be able to provide the “royal person” with a worthy welcome and care. Our readers' stories and advice will help you overcome such doubts.

The rose is so many-sided that for any garden there will certainly be exactly the type and variety that suits it best. Ground cover and miniature roses will decorate small gardens and outdoor terraces. Lush park roses will solo in large compositions over large spaces; amazing climbing roses will help create charming romantic corners, decorate garden gazebos, arches and trellises.

Perhaps you want to create a flower garden with only roses - a rose garden? Or do you dream of multiplying the variety you like? Surely in this section you will find useful materials that will help make these dreams come true. If you have not found it, be sure to ask a question that worries you: perhaps the gardeners who know the answer simply did not have time to write about it yet.

Or maybe you know a lot about the types and varieties of roses? Such information will certainly be interesting and useful to other readers as well.
If roses have already settled in your garden, tell us about them: what species and varieties do you grow, how do you care for your beauties, what role did they play in garden compositions? Share photos, tell stories of your favorites.


Gardening in October 2016

The planting of fruit trees and berry bushes is coming to an end. Experienced gardeners can still plant plants - until mid-October, especially seedlings with a closed root system.
Novice gardeners should simply dig in all the acquired plants obliquely out of the blue, where the snow melts early.

The strawberry bushes are poured from below with organic materials with a layer of 3-4.5 cm. Organic materials insulate the bush, in addition, additional roots will begin to form in the lower part of the bush in autumn and spring, which will significantly increase the yield.
Raspberries are mulched with a thick layer of organic matter (7-10 cm) - this is the prevention of pests.

This procedure is necessary for regions with a harsh climate; they are bent down so that the bushes are completely covered with snow. Gooseberries, raspberries, blackberries, black chokeberries (chokeberry) and ordinary cherries, which form in a creeping form, must be folded down. Desirable - young bushes of golden currants (2-3 years after planting) and some large-fruited rosehip varieties.

Gooseberries should be cut off before shelter: remove very old and diseased branches, weak and diseased annual shoots and partially - excess shoots.

In raspberries, annual shoots are slightly shortened, excess, unripe and diseased ones are removed and bent down as low as possible. It is better to do this while the shoots are elastic, before the onset of a stable cold snap.

Varieties of large-fruited thornless raspberries are bent down to the beginning of leaf fall.

Removal of plant residues

After leaf fall, leaves of trees and shrubs affected by diseases and infested with pests (mites, aphids) should be collected and burned (or hot composting). Healthy leaves (mountain ash, viburnum, bird cherry, many ornamental shrubs) are left as mulching material.

On all crops (especially on plums, currants and gooseberries), the tops of young shoots inhabited by wintering aphid eggs should be cut off and burned. The shoots of currants and gooseberries affected by the glass are completely cut out and burned.

Actinidia hibernates under the snow, therefore, after leaf fall, it is removed from the trellis (support), cut off, bent down and covered. Autumn pruning is as follows:

- very long (up to 3 m) young shoots of the formation (which twine around the supports) are shortened by 50-70% - to the desired length so that the vine does not greatly outgrow the support

-remove the fruit-bearing twigs (where the berries were)

- remove old sleeves or parts thereof without growth, not branching, diseased.

After pruning, the vines are laid on the ground, tied (so that there are fewer breaks in winter) and pinned with hooks. With the onset of a stable cold snap, the vines are covered with a durable non-woven material, a layer of polyethylene film (100-120 mm thick) is placed on top. Leaves from under actinidia are not removed.

Plants are not covered, not removed from supports. Leaves from under the liana cannot be removed - useful beetles overwinter in the litter, pollinating it.

All final pruning is done in the spring. In the fall, you can only slightly shorten the young. Thin shoots.

Digging of the soil under the plants is carried out only if they are severely damaged by pests: moth - currants and gooseberries, shoot gall midge - raspberries, moth - apple and plums.
The soil is dug up with a pitchfork, positioning them radially to the trunk.

The fight should be carried out all summer and autumn (laying out poisoned baits). By winter, trees are whitened to protect them from spring burns and scare away rodents. The whitewash contains lime or water-based paint, as well as deterrent drugs (Pugach, creolin) and poisons (karbofos). Clay is added as a thickener to lime. It is effective to add red pepper to the whitewash composition.

Whitewashing should be applied to trees as late as possible (late October - November) so that it is not washed away by rains. The stem and the base of the skeletal branches are whitened - everything that falls into the frost zone (50 cm above the snow level).

Poisoned baits are laid out in jars upside down, too, as late as possible, almost in the snow.

Garden work in October

In October, it is necessary to remove all types of cabbage that still remain in the beds. Late cabbage is not in a hurry to harvest - it usually ripens by the middle of the month. And although frosts are not a country for her, heads of cabbage should not be frozen, it is better to remove them by mid-October.

For storage, cabbage is placed on shelves or in boxes. Or you can stack them with stumps up and cover them with straw for the winter or hang the heads of cabbage - this improves ventilation and reduces the likelihood of rot.

It is harvested before frost. Kohlrabi can be stored in the refrigerator for a month.
But for longer storage, the stalks with stalks are folded into the cellar and sprinkled with sand.

These plants are harvested at the end of the month before the onset of severe frosts. Their roots are gaining strength just towards the end of October.

In milder climates, celery roots can be left in the ground throughout the winter.

In October, root crops of carrots, radishes, rutabagas, daikon and turnips still remain in the beds. But their cleaning must be completed before the onset of stable frosts. Digging is carried out carefully so as not to damage the root crop.

The collected plants are dried, the tops are cut off and stored in the cellar.

Parsnips are dug up in late autumn, when the leaves begin to die off. It can be left in the soil before winter, digging out as needed. Low temperatures are believed to improve the palatability of root vegetables.

At the same time, the roots of horseradish are dug up. Large rhizomes can be stored in the basement, sprinkled with sand, and small roots can be used later for spring planting.

The beginning of October is the best time to plant winter garlic, as well as small onion sets of any varieties. Before the soil freezes, the seedlings have time to take root, but do not germinate.

For this purpose, use only the smallest set, with a diameter of less than 1 cm. After planting, the bed must be mulched with humus or peat.

In October, the beds are cleared of all plant residues, the tops of the plants are burned to prevent diseases. Organic fertilizers are introduced for the next year's harvest.
The soil is dug up without breaking clods - this contributes to better retention of snow and improvement of its structure. In the spring, the beds can be simply fenced.

After harvesting, greenhouses and hotbeds are treated from pests.

Slaked lime solution. For 10 liters of water, you need to take 3 kg of slaked lime and 500 g of copper sulfate. The frame and the surfaces of the ceiling and walls are treated with the resulting solution.

Biological product Fitop-Flora-S. A working solution is prepared: 100 g of the drug per 10 l of chlorine-free water. 10 liters of working solution is enough for 30 m² of greenhouse surface. After 2 weeks, the treatment will need to be repeated.

They prepare the soil and ridges for spring planting - in order to free up time in the spring for other work. They dig up the soil, fill it with fertilizers or immediately dig holes for planting tomatoes and fill it with organic matter.

Don't forget to prepare your seedling potting mix for next spring. To do this, you need to mix humus, leaf or turf soil, peat and sand (1: 2: 1: 1).

Works in the flower garden in October

In October, it is necessary to finally prune the aerial part of all perennial flowers, except for heucheras and some evergreens (periwinkle, hoof, styloid phlox, etc.).

Add compost or other mulching material under the bushes.

Already now you need to prepare holes for the spring planting of ornamental shrubs - dig up and fill with fertilizers.

Some of the more thermophilic ornamental shrubs need shelter. Unripe shoots should be removed from them, the roots should be covered with mulch or covered with earth (first of all, the root system of plants needs shelter).

If the weather was dry all autumn, now it is necessary to carry out water-charging irrigation of trees and shrubs - this will also protect them from freezing in winter.

Corms of gladioli are dug out at the very beginning of October (if they were not dug up in September).

It is advisable to rinse the dug corms in a light solution of potassium permanganate and dry for a week at a temperature of 25-30 ° C. Then for a month they are left for storage at a temperature of 18-20 ° C, after which they can be cleaned.

In winter, corms are stored in a dry room at a temperature of 5-10 ° C.

Roses require especially careful care in the fall. It is necessary to cut out all thin and weak shoots, remove leaves from the rest, then spud the plants with earth.

Climbing roses bend to the ground. In order not to damage them with a sharp slope, you can throw mats or other improvised material on them - with such a constant load, the shoots will bend gradually and not be damaged.

The best shelter for roses in our middle lane is air-dry. It is good because around the stems and buds there is not damp earth, but an air gap, which provides a soft temperature drop for plants.

Based on materials from the magazine "Country Club"


Spring work - tips

CLEANING PLANTS FROM SNOW

With heavy snowfalls and temperature changes from minus to plus, the snow becomes wet and heavy. Coniferous trees and shrubs - thuja, junipers, pines - suffer greatly from it. If the plants had a spreading or wide-conical crown shape, were not tied for the winter, then they suffer greatly from the breakage of large branches or their crown is deformed. Therefore, after heavy snowfalls, it is recommended to shake off wet and heavy snow from the branches. And sometimes you can bond for 1-2 months.

Sheared deciduous forms can also suffer from snow, such as spiraea, cotoneaster in a hedge, bladder.

SHINING OF TRUNDS AND SKELETAL BRANCHES

In late winter - early spring, you can whitewash the trunks and skeletal branches in order to avoid sunburn and frost damage. Whitewashing, carried out in the fall, is ineffective for these purposes (washed off by rain).

FIGHTING SUNBURNS

In January - February, the sun becomes active in the middle lane. It warms up during the day, and at night the temperature drops sharply. Such a contrasting temperature change leads to cracks - frost cracks, especially on the southern side of the plants.

It is enough to make a light cover or screen on the south side of the plant to avoid burns.

BELT ROLLING

Snow should be trampled around free-standing plants.

Rodent tunnels and burrows form in the snow during the winter, which damage the delicate bark in the lower part of the plant trunks.

Ornamental fruit and deciduous trees, less often conifers, are especially affected. If the stem (the lower part of the trunk) has not been protected since autumn with a special net from rodents, then it is necessary to trample the trunk circle, and hang "lugalki" from hares on the lower or middle branches.

You can start sanitary pruning as soon as you can get close to the plants (February - April). Cut branches broken by snow, frost-damaged branches, as well as diseased and withered ones. This type of trimming is carried out separately from the forming one or combined with it. The timing is limited to the opening of the buds and the appearance of leaves or the beginning of flowering. You can trim the hedges in a leafless state, giving them the desired shape.

In March - April, they begin to gradually remove shelters from roses, hydrangeas, rhododendrons, etc. The shelters are removed layer by layer, not abruptly, within 1 week. Then sanitary pruning is done.

Can be carried out through melting snow. By scattering ash, peat, manure, chicken droppings with a thin layer, you can get earlier snow melting and at the same time light feeding with microelements or organic fertilizer. You can also apply mineral granular complex or spring fertilizers, which, gradually dissolving when the snow melts, will enter the soil.

SPRING GREEN WORK

Immediately after the snow melts, they begin to comb out the lawns, as well as their aeration (piercing). This is important for overgrown lawns (if not mowed in the fall) and to combat lawn snow mold.

After the snow melts, dead wood and fallen leaves are removed from the flower beds, the surface layer of soil between perennials is loosened and spring fertilizers are applied. If the flower beds are of annuals, then the soil is dug onto a shovel bayonet and complex fertilizer is applied to the top layer of the soil. The planting of annuals begins no earlier than May 25.

© Author: S. Batov, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences. Photo by the author.


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